CV Mover – Euro

CV Mover: Front
CV Mover: Front

A small but versatile module. You can use it as attenuator, attenuverter, CV Source and, most important, for offsetting bipolar control voltages to make them unipolar, positive or negative. The module is DC coupled, so you can use it for DC and AC. It is possible to offset the input with +/- 2.5V. The offset is signaled with diodes. There is an inverted output added as well. The main usage is for processing bipolar LFO voltages into unipolar control voltage inputs. If you have a LFO with +/- 5V output and want to make it unipolar set the input to halve and the offset to +2.5V. The output is then from 0..5V and 0..-5V at the negative output.

Specs and features

  • Attenuator
  • Inverted and non- inverted output
  • Attenuverter
  • +/- 2.5V offset
  • Runs on +/-12V and +/-15V
  • Power consumption below 10mA each rail

The documentation and the Gerber files for download can be found in my website.

CV Mover: Schematic
CV Mover: Schematic
CV Mover: Populated PCB
CV Mover: Populated PCB
CV Mover: Side view
CV Mover: Side view
CV Mover: Side view
CV Mover: Side view

Utility Mixer I

Utility Mixer I
Utility Mixer I

This is an often used utility module. The mixer comes in handy for mixing CV sources. The mixer is DC coupled, so you can use it for DC and AC mixing. The input impedance is constant 1MOhm. The input signals are amplified by a maximum factor of two. It is possible to offset every input with +/- 5V. The offset is signaled with LED’s for every channel and for the summing output. The outputs are normalized, so you can remove selected channels from the output mix. The summed output has a -6dB switchable attenuator. There is an inverted summed output added as well. The added volume indicator us useful for finding the appropriate signal level.

Specs and features

  • Three inputs, three outputs
  • Inverted and non- inverted summed output
  • 2x amplification
  • +/- 5V offset for every channel
  • -6dB switch
  • Volume indicator
  • Normalized outputs
  • Runs on +/-12V and +/-15V
  • Power consumption below 20mA each rail

The documentation and the Gerber files for download can be found in my website.

Utility Mixer I: Main board
Utility Mixer I: Main board
Utility Mixer I: Control board
Utility Mixer I: Control board

Control board: Straight forward design. The mixer is completely DC coupled. So you can use it for CV mixing as well as audio mixing. IC1B,C,D buffers the three inputs and and keeps the input impedance constant. P2, P4, P6 sets the amplification from zero to 2X. P1, P3, P5 sets the offset voltage. The LED indicates the offset and signal level.

Main board: IC3B, IC4B, IC6B adds the offset voltage and the signal. IC1C, IC1D, IC1B, IC1B drive the low current LED. IC2A sums the signals and drives the negative output. IC2B drives the positive output.

Utility Mixer I: Populated control board
Utility Mixer I: Populated control board
Utility Mixer I: Populated main board
Utility Mixer I: Populated main board
Utility Mixer I: Side view
Utility Mixer I: Side view
Utility Mixer I: Back view
Utility Mixer I: Back view

Pitch to voltage converter

Pitch to voltage converter: Front view
Pitch to voltage converter: Front view

This is the software driven replacement for my all hardware pitch to voltage converter from my Shakuhachi to Synth project. The software driven approach has the advantage of easily adaption for different frequency ranges. In my case it is the range of the Shakuhachi. To change the range just adapt the software. It is completely temperature independent. The needed input is a pulse train derived from your original signal. You can use my Signal to Trigger converter to provide the pulse train. An offset voltage is added to the V/Oct output to fit the needs of your VCO (Synthesizer).

Specs and features

  • Software driven pitch to voltage converter
  • 12bit resolution
  • V/Oct output
  • Offset CV Fine and coarse adjustment
  • Runs on +/-15V and +/-12V
  • Power consumption around 45mA positive rail, 15mA negative rail

The documentation and the Gerber files for download can be found in my website.

Pitch to voltage converter: Microprocessor board
Pitch to voltage converter: Microprocessor board
Pitch to voltage converter: Control board
Pitch to voltage converter: Control board

The incoming pulse train is feed to the microprocessor. IC1 (301-F) prevents the microprocessor from negative inputs. Zener D2 prevents from overvoltage. The trigger starts an internal timer of the microprocessor in input capture interrupt mode. The ticks are counted and the count is then looked up in a table. The lookup table provides the values for the V/Oct conversion. The read value is the send to the DAC MCP4921 which is follwed by a low pass (IC1A, 301-B)). IC2A (301-F) adds the offset voltage and IC2B (301-F) corrects the phase.

Pitch to Voltage converter: Populated PCB's
Pitch to Voltage converter: Populated PCB’s
Pitch to Voltage converter: Side view
Pitch to Voltage converter: Side view

Compressor with optional pedal steering

Compressor: Font view
Compressor: Font view

This is the revised version of my Limiter/Compressor. First built for my Shakuhachi to Synth project to handle the great dynamic range of the Shakuhachi. Here I left out the limiter and added a make up amplifier. The structure used is derived from “Small Signal Audio Design”, second edition by Douglas Self p682ff. The audio signal did not flow through a VCA as in many other implementations. Instead the compression is done by subtracting the audio signal at the output summing node according to the control voltage derived from the audio signal. The compression rate and the make up gain is adjusted by hand or/and optionally with foot pedals. The foot pedals are an additional option particularly made for wind players. It works without this option in your setup as well.

Specs and features

  • Compression rate and gain adjustable by hand or/and foot pedals
  • Audio path not affected when no compression is used
  • Runs on +/-12V and +/-15V (with minor resistor value changes for best performance)
  • Power consumption below 20mA each rail

The documentation and the Gerber files for download can be found in my website.

Compressor: Schematic
Compressor: Schematic

When the ratio is set to zero and the gain to one the input signal passes through the circuitry unaffected (IC2C, IC2A IC6OTA1, IC6OTA2, IC2D). When the compression rate is turned up a DC voltage is derived from the input signal wit a precision full wave rectifier and some filtering (IC1A, IC1B, IC1C, IC1D). This voltage is used to open the VCA in the side chain (IC3OTA1, IC3OTA2, IC2B). The signal from the side chain is then subtracted from the main signal (R13, IC2A). The now compressed signal is then potentially amplified (IC6OTA1, IC6OTA2)

Compressor: Populated PCB
Compressor: Populated PCB
Compressor: Back view
Compressor: Back view
Compressor: Front with pedal connector
Compressor: Front with pedal connector

Foot switch connector

Foot swithc connector: Front view
Foot swithc connector: Front view

As a Shakuhachi player I need my hands on the flute. So I use me feet to manipulate parameters and switches on the synthesizer. This module was originally build for my Shakuhachi to Synth project to provide the possibility to connect foot switches with the synthesizer and keep the patch intact when they are removed. The signal is not routed through the foot switch. Instead CMOS switches are used, turned on and off with the foot switch. So the signal stays within the synthesizer and the connection to the foot switch carries only DC. Removing the foot switch does not interrupt the signal flow in the synthesizer.

Specs and features

  • Four independent switches
  • Signal flow stays intact when foot switch removed
  • Runs on +/-15V and +/-12V
  • Power consumption below 10mA each rail

The documentation and the Gerber files for download can be found in my website.

Foot switch connector;: Schematic
Foot switch connector;: Schematic

The switch in the DG202 is hold in on position with a 100k resistor against the positive rail. With a foot switch attached you can pull down the hold voltage when you close the foot switch.

Foot switch connector: side view
Foot switch connector: side view
Foot switch connector: Back view
Foot switch connector: Back view

Signal to Trigger Converter

Signal to Trigger Converter: Front view
Signal to Trigger Converter: Front view

This module was originally build for my Shakuhachi to Synth project to provide the start/stop pulse for the Pitch to voltage converter. But it turned out to be much more useful. When you have the basics for your synthesizer like VCO, VCF, VCA, ADSR, LFO,… and some controllers and you want more, then using your keyboard to steer the synthesizer it is time for some modules to produce trigger signals out of different sources. Here is one of them. A signal to trigger converter. You can feed in a changing signal and every time the signal went through zero a trigger is generated dependent on the direction from where the zero point is crossed. You can add a threshold manually or CV controlled to move the zero point up or down as well. You can feed the signal in through input one ore two. When both inputs are used the signals are added together. When the signal crosses zero from positive to negative a trigger of about 0.1msec is generated at output -Trig. When the signal crosses zero from negative to positive a trigger of about 0.1msec is generated at output +Trig. Output +/-Trig provides both triggers. This output can be used to generate interesting rhythmic patterns when the threshold is set by a slowly moving CV or some DC offset is applied to the signal.

Specs and features

  • Two added inputs
  • Threshold manually and with CV
  • Output for +Trig, -Trig and +/-Trig: 0.1msec
  • Runs on +/-15V and +/-12V with minor resistor changes
  • Power consumption below 25mA each rail

The documentation and the Gerber files for download can be found in my website.

Signal to Trigger Converter: Schematic control board
Signal to Trigger Converter: Schematic control board
Signal to Trigger Converter: Schematic main board
Signal to Trigger Converter: Schematic main board
Summed signal to trigger
Summed signal to trigger

The incoming signals are summed up. Every time when the summed signal changes polarity (moving through zero) a trigger is generated. Moving from plus to minus generates a trigger at the negative trigger output, moving from minus to plus generates a trigger at the positive trigger output. Trigger length is about 0.1msec.

Screenshot sine to trigger
Screenshot sine to trigger

The uppermost line (Yellow) shows the input signal. The second line (Blue) shows the trigger when the input signal moves to the positive site. The third line (Purple) shows the trigger when the input signal moves to the negative site. On the fourth line (Green) you can see both triggers added. This picture is taken without any threshold.

Signal to Trigger converter: Back view
Signal to Trigger converter: Back view
Signal to Trigger converter: Side view
Signal to Trigger converter: Side view

Passive Multiple

Passive Multiple: Front view
Passive Multiple: Front view

Just another often needed utility module. A passive multiple.

Specs and features

  • Seven passive parallel in/outs
  • No power connection

The documentation and the Gerber files for download can be found in my website.

Passive Multiple: schematic
Passive Multiple: schematic
Passive Multiple: back view
Passive Multiple: back view
Passive Multiple: Side view
Passive Multiple: Side view

Mixer, DC coupled with volume indicator

Mixer: Front view
Mixer: Front view

This is an often needed utility module. The mixer comes in handy for mixing CV sources and audio sources as well. This version is DC coupled, so you can use it for AC and DC mixing. There is an inverted output added. You can reverse the DC-CV mix with it or experiment with feedback loops in the audio domain. The added volume indicator us useful for finding the appropriate signal level. The volume indicator is optional. You can leave it out with no problems for the other functions.

Specs and features

  • Five inputs
  • Inverted and non- inverted output
  • Volume indicator (optional)
  • Runs on +/-12V and +/-15V
  • Power consumption below 20mA each rail

The documentation and the Gerber files for download can be found in my website.

Mixer: Schematic control board
Mixer: Schematic control board

Control board: Straight forward design. The mixer is completely DC coupled. So you can use it for CV mixing as well as audio mixing. IC1D sums the five inputs and inverts the signal. P3 is used to adjust the overall signal level. IC1B inverts the signal again. IC1C and IC1A buffers the outputs.

Mixer: Level indicator
Mixer: Level indicator

Level indicator: The circuitry around IC2 build an precision full wave rectifier. The output is smoothed with C1. The parts around the BC560C build a constant current source for driving the LED’s. The comparator LM393 (IC1A/B) switches the LED on and off according to the input level.

Mixer: Populated control PCB
Mixer: Populated control PCB
Mixer: back view (with populated level indicator board)
Mixer: back view (with populated level indicator board)

Precision Adder

Precision Adder front view
Precision Adder front view

This is a useful and often needed utility module. The input voltages are precisely added to the outputs.The inputs 1, 3 and 5 are normalized. It can be used in different ways: As three independent adders, as buffered multiple, adding a modulation source simultaneously to all three outputs, adding two, three or four voltages precisely and a few more, depending on your patch. The accuracy depends on the used operational amplifier. For pitch CV I recommend precision OpAmps like the LT1014.

Specs and features

  • 3 independent precision adders
  • Input 1, 3 and five normalized
  • Buffered multiple
  • Additional common modulation inputs
  • Runs on +/-12V and +/-15V
  • Power consumption below 10mA each rail

The documentation and the Gerber files for download can be found in my website.

Precision Adder schematic main PCB
Precision Adder schematic main PCB
Precision Adder schematic control PCB
Precision Adder schematic control PCB

All inputs are buffered with high impedance inputs. They are followed by precision adders where the two inputs and the two additional modulation inputs are added together. The last stage buffers the output and corrects the phase. Inputs 1, 3 and 5 are normalized. The accuracy depends on the used operational amplifier and the matching of the resistors. For pitch CV I recommend precision OpAmps like the LT1014. Match all 10k resistors to 0,1% or better.

Precision Adder side view
Precision Adder side view
Precision Adder populated PCB
Precision Adder populated PCB

15V to 12V adaptor

15V to 12V adaptor populated PCB
15V to 12V adaptor populated PCB

From time to time I want to integrate a 12V Eurorack module in my 15V banana setup. So I needed a 15V to 12V adaptor. Nothing spectacular. Just from the datasheet. This is the bigger brother for up to five modules from the single one.

Specs and features

  • Input +/-15V DC (or higher)
  • Output +/-12V DC

The documentation and the Gerber files for download can be found in my website.

15V to 12V adaptor schematic
15V to 12V adaptor schematic

Just the standard configuration from the datasheets.

15V to 12V adaptor front view
15V to 12V adaptor front view
15V to 12V adaptor side view
15V to 12V adaptor side view